The Yurrwi (also known as Milingimbi) community is part of the Crocodile Island group in the Arafura Sea, approximately 500km off the coast of Central Arnhem Land and 200km West of Nhulunbuy.
The community was established in 1923 by the Methodist Overseas Mission. During World War II, airstrips were built and used as an RAAF base, however, after being bombed by the Japanese, most residents moved to the mainland/Elcho Island. The missionaries returned in 1951 to re-establish the town and opened a school.
The population of Yurrwi today is approximately 1,230. (2016 Census)