Nhulunbuy was established in 1964 when a bauxite mine and deep-water port were built.
Nhulunbuy is situated beside the Arafura Sea on the Gove Peninsula of North-East Arnhem Land. Today, with a population of 3,274 (2016 Census) it is the fourth largest township in the Northern Territory.
Nhulunbuy and its surrounding areas are Aboriginal owned private lands, with the township, mine, refinery and other areas covered by special leases.
This region is also home to the Garma Festival, Australia’s leading Indigenous event. Garma is an annual celebration of the cultural, artistic and ceremonial traditions of the Yolŋu.